When overnight hiking you have lots of additional things to consider; where to camp, when to camp, where to go to the toilet and what to eat are just some of them. Once you start doing multi-day or multi-week hikes these considerations multiply. Food is a big consideration in this planning process because it requires you to plan ahead and really think about what you may want to eat a number of weeks in advance. In this article we discuss food requirements for multi-day and multi-week hikes that can also be used for shorter hikes.
Choosing food for a hike is very much a personal consideration – what suits one hiker won’t necessarily suit another. If you are doing just a couple of days hiking you have so many more options and you’re unlikely to get bored with what you are carrying. Once you starting doing trips over multiple days, your food choices become really important. So what do you need to consider when developing a meal plan based on weeks rather than days?
Commercial versus homemade
Overall your options are to use commercially prepared food, home made food or a combination of both:
How flexible are you?
I’m not the sort of person who can just drop into a supermarket or local store and top up my meals. I’m very picky with my food knowing what I do and don’t like. While I can eat what’s available, I won’t necessarily enjoy it. What this means for me is that when I’m hiking I will carry food I’ve assembled at the start of a hike so when I resupply, I know exactly what I’m getting. Alternatively you my not have an option to resupply. As an example if you plan on walking tracks like the Hume and Hovell Track that runs between Yass and Albury, your likely resupply option will be to cache your food.
Cache container after painting as well as a drop box
How much should you carry?
For multi-day hikes food is often the biggest individual weight impost. When you carry 7-10 days of food at a time you really want to consider each and every item because the weight adds up. The traditional view was that you carry 2 lbs (900 grams) of food per person per day. My typical food allotment which I have whittled down over the past two years for ten days weighs around 7.1 kg (15.8 pounds) or 709 grams (dry weight) per day. Your food weight is going to depend on what and how much but when you start out almost without fail, you will carry too much food.
Food for a multi-day trip in heavy duty (reusable) zip lock bags. Each bag is one days worth of food
Most of us in our normal day to day life keep an eye on how much we eat. In our normal lives, the benchmark figure for an adult male is around 2,000 calories (8,700 kilojoules) per day. On an average hiking day where I walk around 13-25 km, I burn around 5,000 calories. Its almost physically impossible to carry and eat that amount of food to replace that calorie expenditure so on an average day, I will carry just over 2,900 calories (12,134 kilojoules) of food. In reality what this means for me is that I will loose around 3-3.5 kg of body weight a week. I try to carry as many calories as I possibly can and when choosing hiking food, that means food that is high in calories such as nuts and nut butters which are loaded with calories. Hiking is an excuse to eat lots and lots of calories!
Taste and texture
Only carry food you like otherwise you won’t eat it. I love walnuts but just can’t eat them on the trail. I love jerky but again just can’t eat it on a hike. Life’s too short to eat bad food and if you carry food that’s cheap or easy to save money or weight, you are unlikely to eat it. Texture is also important and having a mix of food with different textures is also a way of keeping the interest up in your food. Don’t be surprised if you go through fazes on a hike. In the past when I’ve carried jerky, it was typical for me to eat it during the first few days, lose interest in the next week and then crave it again at some future point. Make sure you have lots of variety in your food rather than sticking to just one thing.
An ever evolving process
The food I take on my hikes is an ever evolving process. If I go back and look at what I was eating four years ago (I do keep these records!) there will be some items that haven’t changed and others that have disappeared from my meal rotation. I’m always on the lookout for new things to take on a hike.
Sun dried mango. I’ve been taking this on hikes for longer than I can remember
Food choices on hikes are very much a personal thing. What you choose to eat and how much is going to be different for everyone. While you are likely to have a budget to cater for your food needs on your hike, its false economy to buy the cheapest thing you can find particularly if you don’t like them. You can be walking through some of the best landscapes around but if you are miserable and hungry you won’t enjoy it as much. It may sound nerdy but keeping a spread sheet of what you eat for each of your longer hikes is a good way to understand your food requirements. I would also suggest that if you’re planning on doing your first multi-week hike, that you visit a local nutritionist and have them analyse your proposed food to identify any shortcomings that can easily be addressed.
Carry too little food and you will be miserable. Carry too much and again you won’t be happy. Carry food you don’t like and you won’t eat it but you still have to carry it.
Remember life is too short to eat bad food!